How to create Laravel validation requests?

Aloha! I will show you how to make your life easier and your code cleaner when you’re working with Laravel validation rules. Let’s say you have a form to store a new contact into your database. In ContactController you add validation rules like this:

public function store(Request $request)
{
    $validated = $request->validate([
        'name' => 'required|max:100',
        'email' => 'required|email|max:255|unique:contacts',
    ]);

    Contact::create($request->only(['name','email']));


    Session::flash('message', 'Contact was created successfully!');

    return back();
}

And now if form fields won’t be valid then all code execution will be stopped after the $request->validate() method call and the user will be redirected back to the form page. Let’s do the same thing with validation requests. Run Artisan command to create a request:

php artisan make:request ContactRequest

This command will create a ContactRequest.php file in the app/Http/Requests directory. Open this file and add your validation rules to the rules() method:

<?php

namespace App\Http\Requests;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Http\FormRequest;

class ContactRequest extends FormRequest
{
    /**
     * Determine if the user is authorized to make this request.
     *
     * @return bool
     */
    public function authorize()
    {
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * Get the validation rules that apply to the request.
     *
     * @return array
     */
    public function rules()
    {
        return [
            'name' => 'required|max:100',
            'email' => 'required|email|max:255|unique:contacts',
        ];
    }
}

In authorize() method you should change return false to return true. If you need to authorize a user to do this request then here you should add your authorization logic.

public function authorize()
{
    return true;
}

Next thing you need to do is open ContactController and type-hint The next thing you need to do is open ContactController and type-hint ContactRequest instead of Request in your store() method:

public function store(ContactRequest $request)

And remove these validation rules from the store() method:

$validated = $request->validate([
    'name' => 'required|max:100',
    'email' => 'required|email|max:255|unique:contacts',
]);

The store() method should look like this:

public function store(ContactRequest $request)
{
    Contact::create($request->only(['name','email']));

    Session::flash('message', 'Contact was created successfully!');

    return back();
}

Laravel validation requests code examples

You can find code examples from this article in our GitHub repository.

See how to create validation requests in our video